Golden Ring Tours
These are the number of ancient towns to the nort-east from Moscow preserve long chain of events played important role in Russia history. Beside that by choosing one of the Golden Ring tours below you will see the true life in Russia which is abit different from what you have seen in Moscow and st Petersburg.
You will see fascinating landscapes and unique architectural masterpieces. You will know plenty of interesting facts and stories. And of course you will have an opportunity to taste delicious traditional Russian cuisine. Comfortable minibus will carry you and careful guides will make your trip truly unforgettable.
The great city of Moscow was first mentioned in writing in 1147. At that time it was a small settlement but it soon grew larger.In 1156 wooden walls were built around the kremlin. However they did not stop the Mongols. In 1237 they burned Moscow. However Moscow was rebuilt and it grew more prosperous and more important. Yet the Mongols returned in 1382 and they burned Moscow again. Moscow soon recovered and by the 15th century it probably had a population of about 50,000. However Crimean Tartars burned Moscow again in 1571. Yet by the early 17th century Moscow had a population of about 200,000. By the standards of the time it was a very large city.
In 1917 the Communists staged a revolution and they imposed a totalitarian regime in Russia. In 1918 Lenin moved his government to Moscow. Lenin was followed by the tyrant Josef Stalin. Under Stalin many historic buildings in the city were demolished. However the first line of the Metro opened in 1935. In 1941 the Germans invaded Russia. They reached the outskirts of Moscow at the beginning of December but they were then driven back. After the Second World War Moscow continued to grow although many nations boycotted the Moscow Olympics in 1980.ortunately Communism collapsed in Russia in 1991 and in 1997 Moscow celebrated its 850th anniversary. Today the population of Moscow is 11.5 million.
The second largest city in Russia. It is politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city). It is located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. It was named Saint Petersburg in 1703. In 1914 the name of the city was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd, in 1924 to Leningrad , and in 1991, back to Saint Petersburg. Tsar Peter the Great founded Saint Petersburg on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918 Saint Petersburg functioned as the imperial capital of Russia. In 1918 the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow. It is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants (2012), and the fourth most populated federal subject. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and also an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.
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