Sergiev Posad, Pereslavl,Rostov,Yaroslavl,Kostroma, Yuryev Polsky, Suzdal, Vladimir
This tour includes all Golden Ring towns where we run our tours. Thus joining this tour you will see all major Golden Ring sites.
Yuryev-Polsky was founded in 1152 by prince Yury Dolgoruky. The name of the town is related to the founder (Yuryev) and to the location (Polsky or Polskoy, this means "standing in the field" and has nothing to do with Poland). Yuryev-Polsky also suffered from further Mongol invasions in 1382 and 1408. The shift of the capital to Moscow changed the trading activity, and the location of Yuryev-Polsky became less advantageous. Since 14th century, Yuryev-Polsky was considered as a minor settlement on the outskirts of Moscow principality. The town was entrusted to foreign rulers subordinated to Moscow princes. Since 17th century, Yuryev-Polsky is a regular provincial town, standing away from any important roads. The only active road passed from Moscow to Suzdal, but it decayed after the construction of railways, and the town turned to its present, sleepy state. Yuryev-Polsky is recorded in the well-known russian film "Golden culf" (the version of 1968) after the satiric novel by Ilf and Petrov.
The city was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky 5 years later than Moscow. In medieval times its fort was besieged and the city was ransacked by Mongols and later on by Polish-Lithuanian armies. Next to the city is Plescheyevo lake, the cradle of Russian Fleet, where young tsar Peter I did his marine military excersises. Besides, the site is a birthplace of Alexander Nevsky.
Preceded by Viking sites such as Timerevo from the 8th or 9th centuries, the city of Yaroslavl is said to have been founded in 1010 as an outpost of the Principality of Rostov Veliky, and was first mentioned in 1071. Capital of an independent Principality of Yaroslavl from 1218, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1463. In the 17th century, it was Russia's second largest city, and for a time (during the Polish occupation of Moscow in 1612), the country's de facto capital. Today, Yaroslavl is an important industrial center (petrochemical plant, tire manufacturing plant, diesel engines plant and many others] and lies at the intersection of several major highways, railways, and waterways.
Rostov is one of the earliest historically attested towns in Russia, first mentioned under 862 in the ancient chronicle "Tale of Bygone Years." Throughout the 10th century, Slavic settlers—primarily from the Novgorod lands—moved into this area, already sparsely inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes. In 988, Prince Vladimir of Kiev, the Christianizer of Russia, gave the Rostov lands to one of his sons, Yaroslav, who subsequently became the Kievan prince known as "the Wise." By the middle of the 11th century, the Rostov area had passed to Yaroslav's son Vsevolod, and Christian missionaries intensified their attempt to convert a still largely pagan population. The consolidation of church authority was symbolized in the mid 12th century by Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky's Cathedral of the Dormition of Mary, rebuilt by Prince Konstantin in 1213.
The City of Vladimir is one of the oldest Russian communities. It is located in the heart of the historic Vladimir region (Vladimirskaya Oblast) 180 kilometers (115 miles) northeast of Moscow on the bank of the Klyazma River. The city was founded in either 990 or 1108, depending on which historians you consult. For the better part of two centuries (from 1157 to the mid 1300s) it was the capital of ancient Rus. Vladimir is now considered one of the major members of the Golden Ring of communities which have played a significant role in Russian history.
The history of the Kostroma Region as administrative and territorial unit of Russia has more than a two-centuries history. The city itself was based in 1152 by prince Jury Dolgoruki. Up to the middle of XVIth century it remained an unique fortress on the left coast of Volga and several times took up impacts of enemies of Russia. Kostromites have played an appreciable role in struggles against Mongolian aggressors and in the events of the Time of Troubles. 1613 in Kostroma was left on reign Michael the founder of the Tsar Dynasty Romanovs. In the middle of XVIIth century Kostroma became on size and value the fourth city after Moscow, Yaroslavl and Kazan. To the beginning of XIXth century province Kostroma took the second place in Russia on manufacturing of linen products and unconditionally took priority over their export abroad.
The ancient town «Bogolubovo», and now the village, is located at a distance of 10 km from Vladimir. The creation of this town connected with old legend about appearance of the Blessed Virgin to prince Andrey. This town was built in1158 year by order of prince Andrey. Firstly, the town was a residence of Andrey, and was divided on two into parts by inner wall. On south part was the castle being built in XII century, where lived a court. And northern part belonged to servants and craftspeople. After century the castle began to belong Bogolubsky monastery. Now one can to visit this monastery through the gates, having raised in 1841 year.
Sergiev Posad used to be the central monastery of the Russian Orthodox church so called Trinity-Serviev Lavra. This place is considered to be essential for pilgrims visiting. Trinity-Sergiev Lavra is a unique ensemble which unites architectural styles of the several epochs. The major cathedral of the Lavra - Trinity cathedral is remarkable for its frescoes created by Andrey Rublev. Pereslavl-Zalessky is a quiet provincial town with its history dated back to XII century. This town is the birth place of Alexander Nevsky. He was baptized in the small church which is extant and located onto the central alley of the town. This one day Golden Ring tour is recomended for those who does not have much time, but still would like to get familiar with one of the pivotal sight.
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