Sergiev Posad, Rostov,Yaroslavl,Kostroma
This tour is mostly devoted to the northern part of the Golden Ring. Thus the itinerary starts from Sergiev Posad and then runs through Rostov, Yaroslavl and Kostroma. You will have opportunity to enjoy inimitable landscapes from the bank of the Volga river walking in Yaroslavl or Kostroma.
Preceded by Viking sites such as Timerevo from the 8th or 9th centuries, the city of Yaroslavl is said to have been founded in 1010 as an outpost of the Principality of Rostov Veliky, and was first mentioned in 1071. Capital of an independent Principality of Yaroslavl from 1218, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1463. In the 17th century, it was Russia's second largest city, and for a time (during the Polish occupation of Moscow in 1612), the country's de facto capital. Today, Yaroslavl is an important industrial center (petrochemical plant, tire manufacturing plant, diesel engines plant and many others] and lies at the intersection of several major highways, railways, and waterways.
Rostov is one of the earliest historically attested towns in Russia, first mentioned under 862 in the ancient chronicle "Tale of Bygone Years." Throughout the 10th century, Slavic settlers—primarily from the Novgorod lands—moved into this area, already sparsely inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes. In 988, Prince Vladimir of Kiev, the Christianizer of Russia, gave the Rostov lands to one of his sons, Yaroslav, who subsequently became the Kievan prince known as "the Wise." By the middle of the 11th century, the Rostov area had passed to Yaroslav's son Vsevolod, and Christian missionaries intensified their attempt to convert a still largely pagan population. The consolidation of church authority was symbolized in the mid 12th century by Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky's Cathedral of the Dormition of Mary, rebuilt by Prince Konstantin in 1213.
The history of the Kostroma Region as administrative and territorial unit of Russia has more than a two-centuries history. The city itself was based in 1152 by prince Jury Dolgoruki. Up to the middle of XVIth century it remained an unique fortress on the left coast of Volga and several times took up impacts of enemies of Russia. Kostromites have played an appreciable role in struggles against Mongolian aggressors and in the events of the Time of Troubles. 1613 in Kostroma was left on reign Michael the founder of the Tsar Dynasty Romanovs. In the middle of XVIIth century Kostroma became on size and value the fourth city after Moscow, Yaroslavl and Kazan. To the beginning of XIXth century province Kostroma took the second place in Russia on manufacturing of linen products and unconditionally took priority over their export abroad.
Sergiev Posad used to be the central monastery of the Russian Orthodox church so called Trinity-Serviev Lavra. This place is considered to be essential for pilgrims visiting. Trinity-Sergiev Lavra is a unique ensemble which unites architectural styles of the several epochs. The major cathedral of the Lavra - Trinity cathedral is remarkable for its frescoes created by Andrey Rublev. Pereslavl-Zalessky is a quiet provincial town with its history dated back to XII century. This town is the birth place of Alexander Nevsky. He was baptized in the small church which is extant and located onto the central alley of the town. This one day Golden Ring tour is recomended for those who does not have much time, but still would like to get familiar with one of the pivotal sight.
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