Segiev Posad, Pereslavl, Rostov, Yaroslavl
This town set is most likely the most respected among Golden Ring tours. The towns included into this tour are the most ancient in the Golden ring. Yaroslavl has recently celebrated its 1000th anniversary and said to be one of the biggest cities in the Russia central part filled with vast number of orthodox churches and sights with immegoldmorial roots. Sergiev Posad and Rostov are relatively small towns which were played key role in russian religious life. We would suggest visiting these towns first in case havent seen anything around Moscow yet
The Golden Ring tour is recomended to those who would prefer seeing large-scaled bouldings and higher populated areas of Russia
The city was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky 5 years later than Moscow. In medieval times its fort was besieged and the city was ransacked by Mongols and later on by Polish-Lithuanian armies. Next to the city is Plescheyevo lake, the cradle of Russian Fleet, where young tsar Peter I did his marine military excersises. Besides, the site is a birthplace of Alexander Nevsky.
Preceded by Viking sites such as Timerevo from the 8th or 9th centuries, the city of Yaroslavl is said to have been founded in 1010 as an outpost of the Principality of Rostov Veliky, and was first mentioned in 1071. Capital of an independent Principality of Yaroslavl from 1218, it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1463. In the 17th century, it was Russia's second largest city, and for a time (during the Polish occupation of Moscow in 1612), the country's de facto capital. Today, Yaroslavl is an important industrial center (petrochemical plant, tire manufacturing plant, diesel engines plant and many others] and lies at the intersection of several major highways, railways, and waterways.
Rostov is one of the earliest historically attested towns in Russia, first mentioned under 862 in the ancient chronicle "Tale of Bygone Years." Throughout the 10th century, Slavic settlers—primarily from the Novgorod lands—moved into this area, already sparsely inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes. In 988, Prince Vladimir of Kiev, the Christianizer of Russia, gave the Rostov lands to one of his sons, Yaroslav, who subsequently became the Kievan prince known as "the Wise." By the middle of the 11th century, the Rostov area had passed to Yaroslav's son Vsevolod, and Christian missionaries intensified their attempt to convert a still largely pagan population. The consolidation of church authority was symbolized in the mid 12th century by Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky's Cathedral of the Dormition of Mary, rebuilt by Prince Konstantin in 1213.
Sergiev Posad used to be the central monastery of the Russian Orthodox church so called Trinity-Serviev Lavra. This place is considered to be essential for pilgrims visiting. Trinity-Sergiev Lavra is a unique ensemble which unites architectural styles of the several epochs. The major cathedral of the Lavra - Trinity cathedral is remarkable for its frescoes created by Andrey Rublev. Pereslavl-Zalessky is a quiet provincial town with its history dated back to XII century. This town is the birth place of Alexander Nevsky. He was baptized in the small church which is extant and located onto the central alley of the town. This one day Golden Ring tour is recomended for those who does not have much time, but still would like to get familiar with one of the pivotal sight.
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