Moscow’s most emblematic site, The Kremlin is home to the Russian capital’s most important monuments, as well as administrative buildings and the President’s official residence. The tour covers the Red Square and the major sites on the Kremlin territory.
Moscow’s most emblematic site, The Kremlin is home to the Russian capital’s most important monuments, as well as administrative buildings and the President’s official residence.
Symbol of Russian power, the Kremlin was established in 1156 when Prince Dolgoruski chose the site to build the first wooden fortress. A new and magnificent building was erected by order of Tsar Ivan III at the end of the 15th century. Under Stalin the fort was closed to the public, and some of the palaces were destroyed during that period. The complex only reopened to the public 2 years after Stalin’s death in 1955
The Moscow Kremlin occupying the territory of the Moscow Kremlin Cathedral Square, incorporates the Armoury Chamber, the Assumption, Archangel's and Annunciation Cathedrals, the Church of Laying Our Lady's Holy Robe, the Patriarch's Palace with the Twelve Apostles' Church, the Ivan the Great Bell-Tower complex, Tsar-Bell and Tsar-Cannon.
Tsar-Cannon - the enormous cannon standing in the grounds of the Kremlin is one of the best-known symbols of the fortress. The world’s largest bore howitzer, it is also a masterpiece of medieval gun casting. But according to legend, the cannon has never actually been fired – or has it?
The Armoury Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin is a world-famous Royal Treasure House and one of the oldest museums in Russia. The Armoury's Collection was formed gradually over several centuries. The main collection consists of treaures from the Kremlin repositories: ancient state regalia, carriages, horse equipment, foreign orders, gold-and-silverware, weapons, ceremonial dresses, mediaeval Russian embroidery and other works of art. And one of the main gems in the Kremlin Armoury Museum is a unique collection of Faberge Eggs. It demonstrates the brilliant flowering of Russian jewellery-making and other forms of decorative applied art.
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